Chickens are sort of like cowboys. There is a lot urban beliefs on what is based on TV shows and Hollywood movies. If you live in true cowboy country you know many westerns are just plain crazy with things that are preposterous. I am a transplant to Montana, and though I grew up in rural Illinois, my cowboy IQ before moving west was shameful. After living here for a number of years I have friends who own ranches, are married to true cowboys, help out during branding, love to help bring herds down in the fall, lady friends who have barrel raced for years, and neighbors who have arenas on their property so they can practice their team roping skills. I know so much more, but my cowboy IQ is still pretty low. Some of favorite urban legends about the west are: horses whinny and talk all the time, you can get off your horse and if you don’t tie it up it will be there when you come back twenty minutes later, all cowboys are sexy except the old chuck wagon cook, and none of them chew.
On the other hand I have had my own flock chickens for quite awhile and my chicken IQ is pretty high. Here are some of my favorite chicken fallacies.
You need a rooster. A woman needs a man like a fish needs a bicycle, and a chicken needs a rooster about as much. Unless you planning hatching chicks, there is no need for a rooster. A rooster like a man is need to make babies, without it the female gender will produce eggs and slough them off.
Brown eggs are better, more nutritious, better flavor, you pick. Brown eggs are a genetic egg shell color period. Nothing more exotic than that.
Chickens scratch and wander around the “barnyard.” Some chickens are great forager, meaning the scratch around looking for good food.. Others have no interest in moving around beyond going to the feeder. I pick my birds for their forage quality and I can tell you some are rock stars going out and finding the first green grass of the spring and others well they will get there, but if they miss out on a tasty morsel or grasshopper they don’t care.
Chickens are fed hormones or steroids to make them big faster. The poultry industry doesn’t need to do this. After years of selective breeding they have developed a bird that will “naturally” grow from egg to maturity in just about 6 weeks. This breed is extremely efficient turning everything they eat into body weight. They sit in cages and have food available to them non-stop. They grow so big so fast, their legs often can’t hold them, and can get congestive heart failure.
- Technically yes cage free means exactly that the chicken that laid your egg was not in a cage. It doesn’t mean it had a lot of space or could wander around the chicken coop, it just means it wasn’t in a pen. I am not sure if that is any better, chickens have a pecking order and can be quite mean to one another when allowed to be free, and in crowded conditions things always get worse. Cage free generally is just a bunch of free chickens crowded in a coop.
- Free-range is a term that means the chickens had the opportunity to go outside. It doesn’t mean they have a wonderful green lawn with bugs, slugs and seeds for them to eat. It just means there is a door in case they want to use it. There is no standard that says each free range bird must have at least two square inches of outdoor space. It doesn’t mean they ever have to be so uncrowded in the coop that they could make their way to the sunshine. Keeping chickens myself I can tell you it takes no time for them to denude green space, so odds are this free-range space has long since been picked free of any green material they might eat.
Organic or vegetarian eggs are better. Organic just means they at organic food, it does not speak to how they were treated or raised. The only advantage of organic in my mind is they are not fed food that was not raise with pesticides, but probably more importantly to me no vaccines or antibiotics. Vegetarian eggs on the other hand is plain insanity. Chickens are omnivores, like us they eat meat and veggies. Vegetarian and free range are mutually exclusive. You can’t let them egg bugs like they naturally do and call them vegetarian.
There are many more, but these are some of my favorites fallacies about chickens and cowboys.